Polybius: had the praise of history been passed over by former chroniclers it would perhaps have been incumbent upon us to urge the choice and special study of this sort, as the readiest means men can have of correcting their knowledge of the past.

Divine Postman: but our predecessors have not been sparing in this respect.

Polybius: homer, herodotus, strabo and titus, have all begun and ended, so to speak, by enlarging on this theme.

Divine Postman: asserting again and again polybius that the study of history is in the truest sense an education and a training for life.

Polybius: without connecting the past with today we can never grasp where we are going.

Divine Postman: the most instructive polybius, or rather the only, method of learning to bear with dignity the vicissitudes of fortune is to recall the catastrophe of others.

Polybius: it is evident therefore, divine postman, that no-one need think it his duty to repeat what has been said by many.

Divine Postman: however, polybius no matter how many times this has been repeated the herd will never learn. they refuse to learn the foundations of fortune, which brings us to the surprising nature of these events we have undertaken to relate. and they will command and stimulate the attention of every one, old or young, to the study of our work.

Polybius: can anyone divine postman be so indifferent or idle as not to care to know by what means, and under what kind of polity, almost the whole inhabited world was conquered and brought under the dominion of the single city of rome.

Divine Postman: and that too polybius, within a period of not quite fifty three years.

Polybius: or who again can be so completely absorbed in other matters or subjects of contemplation of study, as to think any of them superior in importance to the accurate understanding of an event for which the past affords no precedent.

Divine Postman: all that the herd learns polybius they never retain. they fill their minds with clutter

Polybius: and never understand the meaning of what they do.

Divine Postman: for they do not do it out of love but for some external possession.

Polybius: only that which is done out of love will endure divine postman.


Divine Postman: we shall best show how marvelous and great this subject is by comparing the most famous empires which preceded, and which have been the favorite themes of historians.

Polybius: and measuring them with the superior greatness of rome.

Divine Postman: there are but three, divine postman, that deserve even to be so compared and measured.

Polybius: the persians for a certain length of time were possessed of a great empire and dominion. but every time they ventured beyond the limits of asia, they found not only their empire, but their own existence also in danger.

Divine Postman: the lacedaemonians, after contending for supremacy in greece, for many generations. when they did get it, they held on to it without dispute for barely twelve years.

Polybius: the macedonians obtained dominion in europe from the lands bordering on the adriatic to the danube, which after all is, but a small fraction of this continent.

Divine Postman: success is relative polybius, few will conquer every nation.

Polybius: indeed, it is divine postman, you can be a big fish in a small pond. by the destruction of the persian empire, the macedonians afterwards, added to that the dominion of asia.

Divine Postman: and yet, though they had the credit of having made themselves masters of a larger number of countries and states than any nation had ever done, they still left the greater half of the inhabited world in the hands of others.

Polybius: they never so much as thought of attempting sicily, sardinia or libya.

Divine Postman: and as to europe, to speak the plain truth, they never even knew of the most warlike tribes of the west.

Polybius: the roman conquest, divine postman, on the other hand was not partial. nearly the whole inhabited world was reduced to obedience by them.

Divine Postman: and they left behind them an empire, not to be paralleled in the past or rivaled in the future.

Polybius: i don’t think the study of history divine postman can be emphasized enough. those who neglect the study of history will always live in quiet desperation clinging on to the pieces bestowed by fortune- in her pure and divine stores. and as a result they will never know the main cause of everything.

Divine Postman: they will live for the accumulation of matter polybius and will never understand the roots of fortune and how she is sustained. it is what we do not see that makes everything.

Polybius: they run to institutions that seek to drill instead of creating. it is against the human constitution to be taught.

Divine Postman: they refrain from suffering and do not understand that to live is to learn and one needs to be in charge of their learning. knowledge is knowledge polybius but knowledge with action is power. we need to explore our own genius.

Polybius: those who love history will gain from our narrative a clearer view of the whole story and of the numerous and important advantages which such exact records of events offers.